Link: reviewed by Jason Thorpe on *SoundStage! Hi-Fi* on November 1, 2021

**General information**

All measurements taken using an Audio Precision APx555 B Series analyzer.

The 860A v2 was conditioned for 1 hour at 1/8th power (28W, 8 ohms) before any measurements were taken. All measurements were taken with both channels driven, unless otherwise stated, with the 860A v2 connected to a dedicated 120V/20A circuit.

The 860A v2 offers unbalanced (RCA) and balanced (XLR) input connectors, and can be configured to operate in bridged-mode operation. There are also switches to toggle between AC or DC coupling. Unless otherwise specified, the balanced input connection with DC coupling was used for all measurements. No differences were seen between unbalanced and balanced input connections in terms of THD+N and gain.

**Published specifications vs. our primary measurements**

The table below summarizes the measurements published by Simaudio for the 860A v2 compared directly against our own. The published specifications are sourced from Simaudio’s website, either directly or from the manual available for download, or a combination thereof. With the exception of frequency response, where the Audio Precision bandwidth is set at its maximum (DC to 1MHz), assume, unless otherwise stated, a measurement input bandwidth of 10Hz to 90kHz, and the worst-case measured result between the left and right channels.

Parameter | Manufacturer | SoundStage! Lab |

Rated output power into 8 ohms (1% THD) | 225W | 283W |

*Rated output power into 4 ohms (0.1% THD) | 450W | 487W |

*Rated output power into 8 ohms (bridged) | 750W | 948W |

Input sensitivity (stereo for 225W in 8 ohms) | 1.2Vrms | 1.12Vrms |

Input impedance | 47.5k ohms | 51.2k ohms |

Gain | 31dB | 31.6dB |

SNR (ref. 225W out in 8 ohms, 20Hz - 20kHz BW) | 110dB | 114dB |

Frequency response (10Hz-55kHz) | +0/-3dB | +0/-3dB |

Crosstalk at 1kHz | -110dB | -106/-118dB |

**THD (20Hz-6kHz, 1W, 8 ohms, 20Hz - 20kHz BW) | 0.005% | 0.003-0.005% |

**THD (20Hz-6kHz, 200W, 8 ohms, 20Hz - 20kHz BW) | 0.03% | 0.05% |

IMD (18+19kHz, 1W into 8 ohms) | 0.006% | 0.007% |

* It was difficult to achieve 1% THD into 4 ohms (2 channels driven) and bridged into 8 ohms without tripping the 860A v2’s fuse. Therefore this result is for approximately 0.1% THD.

** SimAudio’s published specification is actually THD (20Hz-20kHz); however, after speaking with Simaudio, it was discovered that this measurement is also bandwidth limited to 20kHz, thereby limiting the highest fundamental frequency (where second and third harmonics can be captured) to roughly 6kHz.

Our primary measurements revealed the following using the balanced line-level inputs (unless specified, assume a 1kHz sinewave, 10W output, 8-ohm loading, 10Hz to 90kHz bandwidth):

Parameter | Left channel | Right channel |

Maximum output power into 8 ohms (1% THD+N, unweighted) | 283W | 283W |

Maximum output power into 4 ohms (~0.1% THD+N, unweighted) | 487W | 487W |

Maximum output power into 8 ohms, bridged (~0.1% THD+N, unweighted) | 948W | |

Continuous dynamic power test (5 minutes, both channels driven) | passed | passed |

Crosstalk, one channel driven (10kHz) | -86dB | -95dB |

DC offset | <0.5mV | <0.5mV |

Damping factor | 916 | 993 |

Clipping headroom (8 ohms) | 1dB | 1dB |

Gain (fixed) | 31.6dB | 31.6dB |

IMD ratio (18kHz + 19kHz stimulus tones) | <-75dB | <-75dB |

Input impedance (line input) | 50.4k ohms | 51.2k ohms |

Input sensitivity | 1.12Vrms | 1.12Vrms |

Noise level (A-weighted) | <66uVrms | <61uVrms |

Noise level (unweighted) | <130uVrms | <110uVrms |

Signal-to-noise ratio (full power, A-weighted) | 116dB | 118dB |

Signal-to-noise ratio (full rated power, 20Hz to 20kHz) | 114dB | 117dB |

THD ratio (unweighted) | <0.0064% | <0.0057% |

THD+N ratio (A-weighted) | <0.0073% | <0.0065% |

THD+N ratio (unweighted) | <0.0065% | <0.0058% |

Minimum observed line AC voltage | 122VAC | 122VAC |

For the continuous dynamic power test, the 860A v2 was able to sustain 480W (0.3dB over rated output at roughly 0.1% THD) into 4 ohms using an 80Hz tone for 500ms, alternating with a signal at -10dB of the peak (50W) for 5 seconds, for 5 continuous minutes without inducing a fault or the initiation of a protective circuit. This test is meant to simulate sporadic dynamic bass peaks in music and movies. During the test, the top and sides of the 860A v2 was quite warm to the touch, causing physical discomfort after about 10 seconds.

**Frequency response (8-ohm loading)**

In our measured frequency-response plot above, the 860A v2 is essentially flat within the audioband (20Hz to 20kHz), and only -0.5dB down at 20kHz. Simaudio’s claim of 10Hz-55kHz, +0/-3dB, is corroborated, as we found the amplifier -3dB point at 55kHz. The 860A v2 should not be considered a high-bandwidth audio device. In the graph above and most of the graphs below, only a single trace may be visible. This is because the left channel (blue or purple trace) is performing identically to the right channel (red or green trace), and so they perfectly overlap, indicating that the two channels are ideally matched.

**RMS level vs. frequency vs. load impedance (1W, left channel only)**

The charts above show RMS level (relative to 0dBrA, which is 1W into 8 ohms, or 2.83Vrms) as a function of frequency, for the balanced line-level input swept from 5Hz to 100kHz. The blue line is into an 8-ohm load, the purple line is into a 4-ohm load, the pink is an actual speaker (Focal Chora 806, measurements can found here), and the cyan is no load connected. The top chart shows that all four plots are virtually indistinguishable from one another below 10kHz. This is an indication of a high damping factor, or low output impedance. The . . .

. . . chart above shows the same data, but with the vertical and horizontal axis expanded to show differences. Here we find that there’s a total deviation of less than 0.02dB between 4 ohms and no load. The maximum variation in RMS level when a real speaker was used as a load is also extremely small, deviating by less than 0.01dB within the flat portion of the curve (below 5kHz). There is a slight rise at high frequencies; however, this is due to the 860A v2’s inherent frequency response, and not the output impedance of the amplifier interacting with a load that varies with frequency.

**Phase response**

Above is the phase response plot for the 860A v2 from 20Hz to 20kHz. The 860A v2 does not invert polarity, and there is virtually no phase shift throughout the audioband, with a worst case of just over +10 degrees at 20kHz.

**THD ratio (unweighted) vs. frequency vs. output power**

The chart above shows THD ratios at the 860A v2’s output into 8 ohms as a function of frequency (20Hz to 20kHz) for a sine-wave stimulus at the balanced line-level input. The blue and red plots are for left and right channels at 1W output into 8 ohms, purple/green at 10W, and pink/orange at the rated 225W. There is about a 5dB improvement in THD ratios at 1W versus 10W throughout most of the audioband. At 1W, the THD values are at around 0.002-0.003% from 20Hz to 2kHz, and as high as 0.01% at 20kHz. The THD levels at 225W are significantly higher than at 1 and 10W, and fairly constant throughout the audioband at 0.06-0.07%.

**THD ratio (unweighted) vs. output power at 1kHz into 4/8 ohms**

The chart above shows THD ratios measured at the output of the 860A v2 as a function of output power for the balanced line-level input, for an 8-ohm load (blue/red for left/right) and a 4-ohm load (purple/green for left/right). The 860A v2 is quite invariant to loads, with very similar THD values for both 4 and 8 ohms up to about 30W. At 50mW, THD values are around 0.002%, and at 20W, around 0.006%. At the “knees,” the 8-ohm THD value is at around 0.06%, nearing 220W, while the 4 ohms THD value is also around 0.06%, at just shy of 500W.

**THD+N ratio (unweighted) vs. output power at 1kHz into 4/8 ohms**

The chart above shows THD+N ratios measured at the output of the 860A v2 as a function of output power for the balanced line-level input, for an 8-ohm load (blue/red for left/right) and a 4-ohm load (purple/green for left/right). Once again, the 4-ohm and 8-ohm data are very close together up to about 30W. At 50mW, THD+N values are near 0.02% for both 8- and 4-ohm data, dipping down to around 0.005% around 2W.

**THD ratio (unweighted) vs. frequency at 8/4/2 ohms (left channel only)**

The chart above shows THD ratios measured at the output of the 860A v2 as a function of load (8/4/2 ohms) for a constant input voltage that yields 20W at the output into 8 ohms (and roughly 40W into 4 ohms, and 80W into 2 ohms) for the balanced input. The 8-ohm load is the blue trace, the 4-ohm load the purple trace, and the 2-ohm load the pink trace. Here again we see just how load invariant the 860A v2 is, with virtually no differences in THD from 8 to 2 ohms up to about 500Hz. Beyond 500Hz, the 2-ohm THD data is higher than the 8/4 ohms data by as much as 10dB at 20kHz. Overall, even with a 2-ohm load at roughly 80W, THD values ranged from 0.008% from 30 to 500Hz to just above 0.06% at 20kHz.

**FFT spectrum – 1kHz**

Shown above is the fast Fourier transform (FFT) for a 1kHz input sine-wave stimulus, measured at the output across an 8-ohm load at 10W. We see that the second harmonic, at 2kHz, is at -95/-100dBrA, or 0.002/0.001% (left/right), while the third harmonic, at 3kHz, is at -85dBrA, or 0.006%. The fifth harmonic is approaching -95dBrA, or 0.002%. Below 1kHz, we see noise artifacts, where the left channel performed worse than the right channel, peaking at -105dBrA at 180Hz (third harmonic of 60Hz) and 300Hz (fifth harmonic). At 60Hz, both the left and right channels are at -115dBrA, or 0.0002 %.

**FFT spectrum – 50Hz**

Shown above is the FFT for a 50Hz input sine-wave stimulus measured at the output across an 8-ohm load at 10W. The X axis is zoomed in from 40Hz to 1kHz, so that peaks from noise artifacts can be directly compared against peaks from the harmonics of the signal. The second (100Hz) and third harmonic (150Hz) of the 50Hz signal are both at -90dBrA, or 0.003%, while peaks from noise harmonics are between -120dBrA and -105dBrA, or 0.0001% and 0.0006%.

**Intermodulation distortion FFT (18kHz + 19kHz summed stimulus)**

Shown above is the FFT of the intermodulation distortion (IMD) products for an 18kHz + 19kHz summed sine-wave stimulus tone at the balanced input. The input RMS values are set at -6.02dBrA so that, if summed for a mean frequency of 18.5kHz, would yield 10W (0dBrA) into 8 ohms at the output. We find that the second-order modulation product (*i.e*., the difference signal of 1kHz) is just above (left channel) and below (right channel) -100dBrA, or 0.001%, while the third-order modulation products, at 17kHz and 20kHz, are just above -90dBrA, or 0.003%.

**Square-wave response (10kHz)**

Above is the 10kHz square-wave response of the 860A v2 into 8 ohms. Due to limitations inherent to the Audio Precision APx555 B Series analyzer, this chart should not be used to infer or extrapolate the 860A v2’s slew-rate performance. Rather, it should be seen as a qualitative representation of the 860A v2’s limited bandwidth. An ideal square wave can be represented as the sum of a sine wave and an infinite series of its odd-order harmonics (*e.g.*, 10kHz + 30kHz + 50kHz + 70kHz . . .). A limited bandwidth will show only the sum of the lower-order harmonics, which may result in noticeable undershoot and/or overshoot, and softening of the edges. The 860A v2’s reproduction of the square wave is clean, but with some softening of the corners.

**Damping factor vs. frequency (20Hz to 20kHz)**

The final chart above is the damping factor (8 ohms) of the 860A v2 as a function of frequency. Both channels show a general trend of a higher damping factor at lower frequencies, and a lower damping factor at higher frequencies, varying by almost a factor of about 5 between 20Hz and 20kHz. The right channel just barely outperformed the left channel (although they are very closely matched), with a peak value just above 1000 from 20Hz to 500Hz, down to about 160 at 20kHz.

*Diego Estan*

Electronics Measurement Specialist